un peu d'histoire..........
Why new royal will be called the Duchess of Cambridge, not Princess Kate
By Fay Schlesinger
Last updated at 3:36 AM on 30th April 2011
Kate Middleton has left behind her commoner roots and her name to become Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Cambridge.
Prince William was given a dukedom, the highest rank in British peerage, on his wedding day by the Queen, and will be known from now on as the Duke of Cambridge
He also became the Earl of Strathearn and Baron Carrickfergus
and Kate the Countess of Strathearn and Baroness Carrickfergus
though the titles are expected to be used only rarely, mainly in Scotland,
where they met and fell in love, and Northern Ireland respectively.
Now meet the crowds. Prince William and his wife Kate, Duchess of Cambridge, travel in the 1902 State Landau carriage along the Processional Route to Buckingham Palace after the ceremony at Westminster Abbey
To help William and Kate get accustomed to their new names, they passed a statue of the Duke sat on a horse close to the Ministry of Defence in Whitehall in their carriage procession
JUST LIKE WILLIAM, THE LAST DUKE FELL FOR A COMMONER
The last Duke of Cambridge (right), like Prince William, married a commoner for love. Prince George
, known as the 2nd Duke of Cambridge
, was born in 1819.
He was a grandson of George III and the only son of Prince Adolphus Frederick, the 1st Duke of Cambridge.
He refused to have an arranged marriage and declared such unions were 'doomed to failure'.
He became captivated by the actress Sarah Louisa Fairbrother
, who was said
to be a classic beauty and a graceful dancer
They wed in 1847 when she was already the mother of two of his children and pregnant with his third.
But the Duke did not seek the sovereign's approval and the marriage was never recognised.
Miss Fairbrother (right) was ostracised by the Royal Family and never given the title the Duchess of Cambridge. Instead she became known by the nickname Mrs FitzGeorge.
Unlike Kate Middleton, she was the Duchess of Cambridge who never was.
There are, however, claims that the Duke was actually reticent about the marriage.
According to author and genealogist Anthony J Camp, the Duke was not correctly described in the marriage entry and did not use his normal signature.
Whatever his intentions, the Duke had a wandering eye
and it was not long after he married that he took up with mistress Louisa Beauclerk
She remained his lover for more than 30 years until her death and he once described her as 'the idol of my life and my existence'.
Like William, this Duke of Cambridge joined the Army
He served in the Crimean War and was promoted to Commander-in-Chief in 1887.
There is an equestrian statue of him in the middle of London's Whitehall
which William and Kate will be able to see from their carriage procession after the service.
The Duke was said to be a disciplinarian, who believed Army promotions should be based on social connections rather than ability. He died in 1904.
His father was also the Duke of Cambridge.
Prince Adolphus Frederick (1774-1850) was the 1st Duke of Cambridge and the seventh son of George III.
This Duke of Cambridge was a Chancellor of St Andrews University in Scotland where William and Kate met. He held the post from 1811 to 1814.
He was also Prince William's great-great-great-great grandfather.
The Duke's granddaughter was Mary of Teck, who became Queen Mary and was Elizabeth II's grandmother.
The Duke was a military man and a popular figure. He was apparently very fond of interrupting church services by bellowing out 'By all means' if the priest said 'Let us pray'.
He was also a great support of charities, literature and the sciences.
He married the glamorous German born Princess Augusta Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Cassel
, who was Duchess of Cambridge - the last to hold the title before Miss Middleton takes on the name.
She was the longest-lived daughter in law of George III and outlived her husband by 39 years, dying in 1889 at the age of 91.
According to protocol, Kate should also be called Princess William of Wales rather than Princess Catherine or Princess Kate, because she was not born with royal blood.
Instead she adopts her husband’s first name, like Princess Michael of Kent did when she married the Queen’s cousin Prince Michael of Kent.
But on hearing the new, formal titles for the first time, members of the public lining the route to Westminster Abbey were already indicating that Kate will be known more familiarly as ‘princess’.
‘She’s a young lady, princess suits her better than duchess,’ one woman said.All titles are gifts from the Queen
, but Her Majesty conferred them following private discussions with her grandson, 28, and his bride, 29.
All three titles were announced early Friday via Twitter, by email and on the royal wedding's official website.
Former royal correspondent Jennie Bond said there was a hint that William was going to get the title.
'The queen went to visit Cambridge the day before yesterday so a lot of people thought that was how it was going to be,' she said.
She called the title 'a personal gift from the queen, a mark of her esteem for her grandson'.
Another option mooted in the run-up to the wedding was the Duke of Clarence, but Duke of Cambridge remained the favourite for William’s new title. The Queen even gave a clue by visiting the historic university city three days ago.
Charles Kidd, editor of Debrett’s Peerage, said: ‘It’s a well-known place and I think it will have some resonance with the public.’
To help William and Kate get accustomed to their new names, they passed a statue of the Duke sat on a horse close to the Ministry of Defence in Whitehall in their carriage procession.
The title the Earl of Strathearn will link William and Kate, who met and fell in love in Scotland, to the picturesque area of Perthshire.
Strathearn has had Royal Connections since Robert Stewart, High Steward of Scotland, was created Earl of Strathearn in 1357.
The Duke of Cambridge has been a royal title since the reign of Charles II.
The first Duke of Cambridge was a Stuart prince who only lived for a few months, followed by others who were styled with title but also died very young.
George, Elector of Hanover, also held the title and went on to become King George II.
He was the last English monarch to lead his troops into battle - at Dettingen in 1743.
The title - a popular name for pubs - will link William to the city the Cambridge where his father the Prince of Wales went to university.
The title Duke comes from the Latin 'Dux' meaning "a leader".
It is the highest rank in British Peerage. The Queen is also the Duke of Lancaster, while the Prince of Wales is the Duke of Cornwall.By becoming Baron and Baroness Carrickfergus,
William and Kate will be linked to Northern Ireland.
Carrickfergus is County Antrim’s oldest town
The word means Rock of Fergus
An Irish Viscountcy of Chichester of Carrickfergus now held by the Marquess of Donegall was created in 1625, but Carrickfergus alone only existed as a title between 1841 and 1883.
Prince William’s uncles Andrew and Edward were given several royals titles when they married, but his father Prince Charles did not receive any additional titles.
As heir to the throne, Charles already had eight titles including Duke of Cornwall. His wife Camilla took the title Duchess of Cornwall.
Barons, viscounts, earls, marquesses and dukes are all orders of British nobility, in ascending order of prestige. The titles can be created and become extinct, for example when a duke or earl ascends to the throne or when he dies without leaving legitimate heirs.
Memorial: Kate's wedding bouquet was returned to lie on the tomb of the unknown soldier at Westminster Abbey - a tradition for all Royal bridesBENEATH THIS STONE RESTS THE BODY
OF A BRITISH WARRIOR
UNKNOWN BY NAME OR RANK
BROUGHT FROM FRANCE TO LIE AMONG
THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS OF THE LAND
AND BURIED HERE ON ARMISTICE DAY
11 NOV: 1920, IN THE PRESENCE OF
HIS MAJESTY KING GEORGE V
HIS MINISTERS OF STATE
THE CHIEFS OF HIS FORCES
AND A VAST CONCOURSE OF THE NATION
THUS ARE COMMEMORATED THE MANY
MULTITUDES WHO DURING THE GREAT
WAR OF 1914 - 1918 GAVE THE MOST THAT
MAN CAN GIVE LIFE ITSELF
FOR KING AND COUNTRY
FOR LOVED ONES HOME AND EMPIRE
FOR THE SACRED CAUSE OF JUSTICE AND
THE FREEDOM OF THE WORLD
THEY BURIED HIM AMONG THE KINGS BECAUSE HE
HAD DONE GOOD TOWARD GOD AND TOWARD
HIS HOUSE "